If you are an employee then a number of funding arrangements may be possible with claims in the Employment Tribunals, and we will explore whether no win no fee arrangements or insurance-backed representation will be possible.
If you are an employer it is generally the case that costs will be based on agreed hourly rates or agreed fees.
Charges for both bringing and defending Employment Tribunal claims will depend on a number of factors, including the type of claim (eg. simple unfair dismissal or complex discrimination or whistleblowing), the number of witnesses involved and the likely length of the final hearing. The figures set out below are based on a claim which proceeds all the way through to a hearing. The fact is that the majority of claims will settle at some time before the hearing, and so costs will vary according to when and whether settlement is achieved.
The price estimates below are an indication of the likely ranges of fees that we charge:
Our indicative pricing for bring and defending Employment Tribunal Claims is as follows:
- Low complexity case: £7,500 to £16,000 (1-2 day final hearing)
- Medium complexity case: £14,000 to 22,000 (3-5 day final hearing)
- High complexity case: over £25,000
Factors increasing the complexity of a case may include:
- multiple parties
- complex discrimination issues
- litigants in person
- complex preliminary issues and the requirement for preliminary hearing(s)
- complex and voluminous documentation
- numerous witnesses
- clients who require excessive levels of contact
What is included?
The indicative fees set out above cover the work in relation to the following key stages of an action:
- Taking your initial instructions, reviewing the papers and advising you on merits and likely compensation (this is likely to be revisited throughout the matter and subject to change);
- Entering into pre-claim conciliation (known as Early Conciliation) where this is mandatory to explore whether a settlement can be reached;
- Preparing the claim;
- Reviewing and advising on the claim and/or the response from the employer;
- Exploring settlement and negotiating settlement throughout the process;
- Preparing a schedule of loss;
- Preparing for (and attending) a Preliminary Hearing, including instructing a barrister;
- Exchanging documents with the employer and agreeing a bundle of documents;
- Taking witness statements, drafting statements and agreeing their content with witnesses;
- Preparing bundles of documents for court hearings;
- Reviewing and advising on witness statements;
- Agreeing a list of issues, a chronology and/or cast list; and
- Preparation for and attendance at a Final Hearing, including (in some cases) instructions to a barrister.
The stages set out above are an indication and if some of the stages above are not required, our fee may be reduced. You may wish to handle the claim yourself and only have our advice in relation to some of the stages. This can also be arranged, depending on your individual needs.
The fees set out above would not ordinarily include any enforcement proceedings (where necessary) following a successful Employment Tribunal claim, nor an appeal you may wish to make against the judgment of the Employment Tribunal.
The above is not intended to be exhaustive lists and the specific circumstances of each case may mean that other factors will influence the complexity of each case. If a settlement is able to be reached in your matter at an early stage, our fees are likely to be significantly reduced.
There may be an additional charge for attending a Tribunal Hearing (if it is necessary for us to attend with your instructed barrister) of approximately £500 – £1,000 per day (excluding VAT). The length of any Tribunal Hearing will depend on the Tribunal’s scheduling of the Hearing and the complexity of your case.
Disbursements are costs related to your matter that are payable to third parties, such as (but not limited to) court fees or barrister’s fees. We handle the payment of the disbursements on your behalf to ensure a smoother process.
In the majority of cases taken on by Oakland & Co, advocacy will be undertaken by Daniel Oakland who is an experienced advocate and a qualified (albeit non-practising) barrister. The fee estimates set out above assume advocacy is undertaken by Daniel Oakland. In more complex or multi-day hearings a barrister may need to be instructed. When we instruct a barrister on your behalf, there is usually an initial charge (called a brief fee) to cover preparation and the first day of any court hearing. Fees for each additional day will then be payable thereafter (these are called ‘refreshers’). A barrister’s fee may also include expenses such as travel/overnight accommodation (if this is necessary).
The level of fee will be dictated by a number of factors including the individual barrister’s seniority, the complexity of your case and the length of the Final Hearing. Barrister's brief fees are usually between £1,000 + VAT (for a very simple case) to £8,000 + VAT or more (for a more complex matter).
Refresher fees are usually between £750.00 + VAT (for a junior barrister) to £5,000 + VAT(for a senior barrister) per day.
Please note that the above is just an estimate and we would be able to discuss this with you in greater detail once we know further details about your claim.
VAT is payable on barrister’s fees in the same manner as that outlined above in respect of our fees.
There is no longer any issue fee payable for submitting a claim within the Employment Tribunal.
There are some other disbursements that may be applicable in certain cases. Some of these disbursements are listed below:
- Expert’s fees. If the instruction of an expert is required to provide evidence in any particular field(s), a fee would be payable for their time. This is usually in the region of around £750 - £2,000 + VAT (if the expert is not VAT registered then VAT would not be payable) to provide a report and £500 -750 + VAT per day for attendance at any hearing. Experts’ fees largely depend upon the nature of their instruction and the facts of the case, it is therefore difficult to estimate these at the outset; and
- Mediator / Adjudicator fees. If it appears that mediation or adjudication may assist in resolving your matter, a fee would be payable for the mediator’s / adjudicator’s time if both parties agree to the mediation / adjudication. These fees are usually in the region of around £1,000 + VAT - £1,500 (if the mediator / adjudicator is not VAT registered then VAT would not be payable) for half a day, and £1,500 - £3,000 + VAT for a full day. However, these fees can be higher. These fees can sometimes be split between both parties also. You must also bear in mind that it is likely that a barrister will need to attend a mediation / adjudication also and their fees are likely to be in a similar region to that for attendance at a trial (outlined above).
Timescales. How long will a matter take?
The time that it takes from taking your initial instructions to the final resolution of your matter depends largely on the stage at which your case is resolved and the complexity of your case.
We give you some examples below of the likely timeframe to resolution, dependent upon the time at which your case concludes:
- If a settlement is reached during Early Conciliation (this is a specific process that must be engaged prior to submitting an Employment Tribunal claim), your case is likely to take approximately 3 - 12 weeks;
- If your claim proceeds to be issued within the Employment Tribunal, as we would seek to reach a settlement within your matter throughout the course of it, it may be the case that it would reach settlement anytime between the end of the Early Conciliation process (outlined above) and a Final Hearing (outlined below);
- In a simple claim, proceeding to a Final Hearing is likely to take 4 – 9 months but could take longer than depending on which Tribunal is dealing with the case or if there are complicating factors;
- In a medium complexity claim, proceeding to a Final Hearing is likely to take 6 – 12 months but could take longer than this in exceptional circumstances; and
- In a high complexity claim, proceeding to a Final Hearing, is likely to take 8 – 24 months but could take longer than this in exceptional circumstances.
The above are just estimates and we will be able to give you a more accurate timescale once we have more information and as the matter progresses.
The timeframe in which your matter is concluded will also depend upon the timeliness of responses from the Employment Tribunal which can be affected by their capacity at any given time.
For more information on our services and funding, please email us at email@example.com or call us on 020 7436 5151.